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Endocrine Hormonal System 101 The Glands

Endocrine System: very complex system that affects every other system in the body. This system is comprised of many glands which work together.

Webster says the endocrine system is the collection of endocrine glands that produce hormones that are used as chemical messengers throughout the body to help regulate vital processes including metabolism, growth, sleep, and reproduction.

Think: POST OFFICE. Mailman. Delivers important information where it’s suppose to.

Also think: DANCE. Between the hormones produced by the endocrine glands AND the receptor cells in the target organs. (lock and key)

Receptor cells are very sensitive and response to even the tiniest amount of hormone. The receptor cell then triggers a response/action/job/etc.

Endocrine System 101 The Glands

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM TEAM MEMBERS

  • Pituitary Gland: Master gland. produces hormones that control the other members of the endocrine system. Base of the brain. Works with the hypothalamus. Comes in two parts and produces 8 different hormones. More on that later.
  • Thyroid Gland: Regulate the body’s metabolism, produces energy.
  • Parathyroid Glands: Regulate blood calcium levels. Has an influence on bones, muscle contractions.
  • Thymus Gland: Part of the immune system, between the lungs. Largest before puberty, then stops working
  • Adrenal Glands: Regulates the body’s response to stress, regulates body’s pH, heart rate, blood pressure, energy production, CO2 regulation
  • Pancreas: Digestion, control blood sugar levels throughout the day
  • Ovaries, in women: Sex hormones
  • Testes, in men: Sex hormones
  • Pineal: production of melatonin, the sleep hormone, which starts in the eye.
  • Hypothalamus: link between the nervous system and the endocrine system. Neighbor of the pituitary gland. Gets cues from the nervous system, then produces neurohormones to tell the hypothalamus what hormones to produce to respond and control the body.
    • Example: You are hot. You need to manage sodium, water, etc so your brain doesn’t melt when you are doing that last 13.1 hot run of Muncie 70.3.

Endocrine glands release their hormones directly into the body through the blood stream (diffusion) compared to other glands that release their hormones locally through ducts, which “stay and act” in that local area, such as sweat glands. Endocrine glands can have an impact on any part of the body through diffusion (blood stream).

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Highly Beneficial Supplements and quick facts on blood sugar management, hormonal health and weight loss

TOPIC:  Blood sugar management to positively impact hormonal health

(refer to xxx TDB to understand how blood sugar management and hormonal health go hand in hand) Specific facts that help with blood sugar management and hormonal health Body is designed to deal with a small amount of sugar.  Where we get into trouble is the amount and the key of "sugar" we consume.     [box] The average American adult consumes 22 teaspoons of sugar a day and the average child consumes 32 teaspoons a day! [/box] When your body becomes "overwhelmed" in relation to managing blood sugar, then its ability to handle even small amounts of sugar is decreased.  This is where hormonal health is negatively impacted.  This will be covered in more detail here ... tdb.

INFLAMMATION

INSULIN RESISTENCE

These words become very important and will be addressed in part 2 and 3. Research shows that the paleo and Mediterranean "diets" (or ways of eating) really help to reverse the effects of insulin resistance and inflammation from sugar consumption.  Protein, fat and specifically omega 3 fatty acids help the body to manage blood sugar and repair the very sensitive system.
  • Gluten (very commonly) causes intestinal inflammation which compromises blood sugar management or insulin sensitivities
  • Artificial sweeteners interfere with blood sugar management as they compromise the livers ability to deal with sugar.  This causes "fatty liver".  Diet soda DOES NOT help with weight loss.

Supplements for Blood Sugar Management

This is an awesome list of supplements as everyone can benefit from taking these supplements.  The work in a foundation kind of way and the causes of negative side affects when these supplements are taken with the correct knowledge in mind are nil.
  • Magnesium:  First step.  Foundation supplement and should be continued long term (forever).  400 mg of magnesium glycinate.
    • People low in magnesium are at a significantly higher risk to have metabolic syndrome.  Research is showing that approximately 90% of people are low in magnesium.  Magnesium helps with sugar cravings.  Refer to www.bonniekissinger.com/magnesium for further information on the who/what/when/why/how.
  • Berberine:  Blood sugar management
    • Plant compound showing benefits in blood sugar management and treating insulin sensitivity.  Works to decrease the amount of inflammation produced by fatty tissue.  The plant compound helps to treat and prevent insulin resistance.   It was first used in Chinese medicine and Ayurveda.  The recommended dose is 500mg three times a day.  Caution when already taking diabetic medicine and antibiotics.
  • Chromium:  Blood sugar management
    • This nutrient helps with weight loss and insulin sensitivity.  It also improves post meal blood sugar levels.  The daily recommended amount is 20 - 25 micrograms a day but studies are showing for women  1000 micrograms a day split up through out the day is beneficial.
  • Fiber (or inulin):  Improve insulin sensitivity
    • Fermentable carb  or plant fiber that helps to nourish the cells of the digestive tract.  Sources are Jerusalem artichoke and Chickeryroot.  Start with 3 grams a day and build up to 5 with a max of 10.  Be cautious of bloating as folks that already have gut inflammation can experience worsening symptoms.  In this case folks need to address gut inflammation first.
  • Curcumin:  First step.  Foundation supplement as it is a potent anti-inflammatory compound.
    • Curcumin works to decrease inflammation in the muscle cells that cause insulin resistance.  It is metabolized in the body very quickly.  Because of this, companies combine it with other things.  Some of this isn't want you want.  The recommendation is to look for curcumin combined with black pepper (piperine), taking 500 to 1000mg a day in divided doses.
  • Vitamin D: First step IF LOW.  Foundation supplement and blood sugar management
    • Control stress at the cellular level.  Vitamin D also helps to treat depression.  You really want to get your levels as taking too much vitamin D can become toxic. If testing shows that your levels are below 50 nanograms per mililiter you can take 5000 IU daily.  Or 50,000 IU weekly.  Retesting in 60 to 90 days is advised.
  • Cinnamon:  BIG TIME Blood sugar management aide
    • It's biggest benefit is that it acts like insulin and makes the insulin receptors more responsive.  Big plus for people with insulin resistance!  It helps the receptors absorb the energy into the muscles.  It is a very strong anti-oxidant as well, helping to  decrease inflammation in the fat cells which helps to improve insulin resistance.  The recommended dose is 3 grams of cinnamon per day.
 

Blood Sugar Testing

This is a great way to learn this system and become familiar with the very critical aspect of living and for the athletes, fueling and being healthy.  This doesn'thave to be complicated or intense.  It has become very affordable at this time and easy to understand with a bit of education.  Refer to www.bonniekissinger.com/bloodsugartesting (TDB) to learn how to add this to your bag of tools.  Don't let this overwhelm you.  This is very basic and easy to do, just like taking your blood pressure.  You don't need to have "MD" behind your name to benefit from this.  You will earn which foods are good for you and how you are doing with this every important element of how the body works.  

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